Cite Your Sources


Why do you need to cite your sources?

To make your arguments more credible.
To show you've done your homework (i.e. your research).
To build a foundation for your paper.
To allow your readers to find the sources for themselves.
So you don't get accused of plagiarizing!1

Spring 2014 Cite Your Sources Workshops
held in the Library Workshop Center, 1st floor

4/28 12:30-1:30pm
5/12   4:00-5:00pm
5/12   6:00-7:00pm


4/29  6:00-7:00pm
5/6  12:30-1:30pm
5/6    4:00-5:00pm

4/30 12:30-1:30pm
5/7     4:00-5:00pm
5/14   6:00-7:00pm


4/24   6:00-7:00pm

5/8   12:30-1:30pm
5/8     4:00-5:00pm


4/26 11am-12noon  11am-12noon
5/3   11am-12noon


4/27 11am-12noon11am-12noon11am-12noon
5/4   11am-12noon

Ready-made/formatted citations

You can find citations formatted in MLA, APA or other styles in some of the databases where you look for articles! Look for a Cite or Citation feature (EBSCO, Gale, LRC).  Some will only display one style, but some will display multiple styles.


Free and simple online tools for creating citations

You put in the information (title, author, etc.) and the tool creates the citation.

Son of Citation Machine -->
Make Citation -->
eTurabian -->


Free online tools for creating citations and bibliographies

These tools are more complex than simple citation tools, but they allow you to create and save an entire bibliography. They typically require registration.

Free online

BibMe -->
Zotero -->
Mendeley -->


Free for CUNY students

RefWorks --> Groupcode RWBrooklynC






Guides for creating (and checking!) your own citations.

Books (Available at the Reference Desk.)

Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Print.  [MLA style]

Hacker, Diana, Nancy I. Sommers, and Marcy Horn. A Writer's Reference. 7th ed. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins, 2011. Print.   [MLA style]

Scientific style and format: the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers. 7th ed. Reston (VA): Council of Science Eds; 2006. [CSE style; in the library Stacks T11 .S386 2006]

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). (2010). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. [APA style]

The Chicago Manual of Style. 16th ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010. [Chicago style]

Turabian, Kate L., John Grossman, and Alice Bennett. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. 8th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013. [Turabian style]


Research & Documentation Online (Diana Hacker): APA, MLA Chicago & CSE styles

Research and Citation Resources from the OWL at Purdue: APA, MLA & Chicago styles


Quoting, Paraphrasing, Attributing, and Avoiding Plagiarism

What is Quoting? Quoting is “to repeat (something written or said by another person) exactly”2 and is usually shown with quotation marks as it is here.

What is Paraphrasing? Paraphrasing is “a restatement of a text, passage, or work giving the meaning in another form,”3 in other words, to put someone elses ideas into your own words.

What is Plagiarism? Plagiarism is “the use of another’s work, words, or ideas without attribution. The word “plagiarism” comes from the Latin word for “kidnapper” and is considered a form of theft, a breach of honesty in the academic community.”4

What is Attribution? Attribution is “the act of establishing a particular person as the creator of a work”5 which is done here with footnotes.

In scholarly writing, we are continually engaged with other people’s ideas: we read them in texts, hear them in lecture, discuss them in class, and incorporate them into our own writing. Acknowledging those authors' ideas and showing where your found them is an important element of scholarly writing. Plagiarism is using others’ ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information.

To avoid plagiarism, you must give credit whenever you use:

  • another person’s idea, opinion, or theory;
  • any facts, statistics, graphs, drawings—any pieces of information—that are not common knowledge;
  • quotations of another person’s actual spoken or written words; or
  • paraphrase of another person’s spoken or written words.6

 A Few Useful Links

Overview and Contradictions in American academic writing

Paraphrase: Write it in your own words


1 Adapted from: Avoiding Plagiarism. (n.d.) About Plagiarism. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from
2 Quote. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from
Paraphrase. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from
What Is Plagiarism?. (n.d.). Yale College Writing Center. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from
Attribution. (n.d.). The Free Dictionary. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from
6 Adapted from: Plagiarism: What It is and How to Recognize and Avoid It (n.d.). Writing Tutorial Services, Indiana University-Bloomington. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from